Why programmer just like you use terminal instead of G-U-I? Post your answer below , i like terminal because , it help me to understand what application work. First download file from go official website and follow the instruction and make sure environment set properly.
open terminal and type
go command open go shell , now you can run go program, test, check version etc.
[$ terminal ready to read ]
$go build helloGo.go
this line compile go program just like c or c++
now you can want to see your output
$go run helloGo.go
this line perform all tasks which build or ./ perform. Tasks such as compile or link the output and also execute the program
go version print version
go version go10.1 linux/amd64